Myths and Facts about Sexual Assault
Rape is most often perpetrated by a stranger.
A woman is statistically more likely to be raped by someone she knows.
If there was no penetration by a penis, then there was no rape.
Legal definitions of rape vary by state. For this training, Rape = penetration with a penis, fingers, and/or foreign objects.
Women cannot be raped by their husbands/partners.
Women are raped by their husbands or partners. Even if there is consent in the past, rape can occur on a situation to situation basis.
Rape only happens to young women.
Women of all ages are raped.
Rape cannot happen in same-gender relationships.
Rape can occur in same-gender relationships as well as in heterosexual relationships.
Men cannot be raped.
Although men are less likely to report, men can be and are raped by other men and by women.
If a woman drinks with a man, goes home with him, or wears skimpy clothing, it is her fault if she is raped.
It is never her fault. No one asks or deserves to be raped.Â Rape is a violent attack and a crime in which the perpetrator controls the victim.
Sexual Assault Statistics
94,635 women reported being raped in 2004, according to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports.
- That is approximately 1 in 10 women report being sexually assaulted at least once in their lifetime (Suris, Lind, Kashner, Borman, & Petty, 2004).
- According to the 2004 report of the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CALCASA), studies indicated that 9% of girls and 6% of boys had already experienced some sort of dating violence before they reached high school.
- The same studies found that 1 out of every 10 girls and 1 out of every 20 boys reported that they had experienced violence and /or rape while on a date.
- A national study of college students conducted by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control reported that 27.5% of the women surveyed said that they had suffered rape or attempted rape at least once since age 14.
- According to the 2000 population report, between 1/3 and 2/3 of known sexual assault victims are age 15 or younger.
Physical Impact of Sexual Assault
- Physical Injury
- Sexually Transmitted Disease
- General Health Risk
- Sexual Dysfunction
- Psychological Symptoms Perceived as Physical
Psychological Impact of Sexual Assault
- Substance Abuse
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Suicidal Ideation
- Impact on Partners, Family, and Close Friends